*Best Fit Algorithm*. The only difference between this and the

*Worst Fit Algorithm*is that instead of picking a Bin with the most amount of free space, this algorithm picks the Bin with the

*least*amount of free space in it that can still hold the current Element. The results you obtain by using this algorithm are not always the same as the Worst Fit, sometimes it is slightly better, other times it is not. It depends on the nature of the data supplied.

` Private Sub BestFit()`

'Checks to make sure everything is initialized

If Elements Is Nothing Then Exit Sub

Dim ElementsCopy(Elements.GetUpperBound(0)) As Integer

ReDim Bins(0)

'Bin Number we are on, Bin Element we are on, Amount placed in the current Bin

Dim BinNumber, BinElement, BinCount As Integer

Dim BestBin, BestBinAmount As Integer

Dim i, j, k As Integer

'Make a copy of the array incase we need to sort it

DeepCopyArray(Elements, ElementsCopy)

'Sort in descending order if needed

If Me.Decreasing = True Then

Array.Sort(ElementsCopy)

Array.Reverse(ElementsCopy)

End If

'Declare the first element in the first Bin

ReDim Bins(0)(0)

'Loop through each Element and place in a Bin

For i = 0 To ElementsCopy.GetUpperBound(0)

BestBin = -1

BestBinAmount = -1

For j = 0 To BinNumber

BinElement = Bins(j).GetUpperBound(0)

'Count the amount placed in this Bin

BinCount = 0

For k = 0 To BinElement

BinCount += Bins(j)(k)

Next

'Find the most full Bin that can hold this Element

If BestBinAmount < BinCount AndAlso BinCount + ElementsCopy(i) <= Me.BinHeight Then

BestBinAmount = BinCount

BestBin = j

End If

Next

If BestBin = -1 Then

'There wasn't room for the Element in any existing Bin

'Create a new Bin

ReDim Preserve Bins(BinNumber + 1)

BinNumber += 1

'Initialize first element of new bin

ReDim Bins(BinNumber)(1)

BinElement = 0

Bins(BinNumber)(BinElement) = ElementsCopy(i)

Else

'There's room for this Element in an existing Bin

'Place Element in "Best Bin"

BinElement = Bins(BestBin).GetUpperBound(0)

ReDim Preserve Bins(BestBin)(BinElement + 1)

Bins(BestBin)(BinElement) = ElementsCopy(i)

End If

Next

'All Elements have been place, now we go back and remove unused Elements

For i = 0 To BinNumber

For j = 0 To Bins(i).GetUpperBound(0)

If Bins(i)(j) = 0 Then

ReDim Preserve Bins(i)(j - 1)

End If

Next

Next

GC.Collect()

End Sub

With the same set of data as the last example, this algorithm will lay out something like this in memory:

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